Types of electric vehicles
ELECTRIC VEHICLES (BEVs)
Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) run only on electricity from batteries charged by plugging into an outlet or charging station. BEVs have no gasoline engine and don’t produce tailpipe emissions.
Does NOT require gasoline
Requires plug-in charging
Some electric vehicle models are:
Tesla Model S
Hybrids combine a gasoline engine with an electric motor, but they can’t plug-in because their batteries are charged from capturing braking energy that converts kinetic energy into electricity.
Gasoline engine and electric motor
Does NOT plug-in
Some conventional hybrid models are:
PLUG-IN HYBRIDS (PHEVs)
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are similar to conventional hybrids, except PHEV batteries can be charged by plugging into an outlet and PHEVs can substitute plug-in electricity for gasoline.
Gasoline engine and electric motor
Requires gasoline and plug-in charging
Some plug-in hybrid models are:
Toyota Prius Prime
Depending on your location, and your personal tax situation, you may qualify for Federal, state, and local tax incentives for driving an electric vehicle.
$2,500 - $7,500 Federal Tax Credit
Tax Credit for the purchase of a new plug-in electric drive motor vehicle. Credit amount depends on the car’s battery capacity.
Up to $1,000 Federal Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Tax Credit
Reduced Vehicle License Tax and Carpool lane access.
$5,000 grant (based on income eligibility)*
*Review eligibility prior to applying
$1,500 California Clean Fuel Reward for all new electric vehicles registered in California.
$2,500 tax credit for purchase of a new vehicle.
$1,500 tax credit for lease of a new vehicle.
$1,500 rebate for new vehicles with a base price under $42,000.
Exemption from state emissions testing.
Reduced vehicle registration fee.
$2,500 rebate for new vehicles with a purchase price under $60,000
Funding may be available for home charging installation assistance.
Carpool lane access and reduced rates for electric vehicle charging.
State exemption from vehicle inspection & maintenance program.
EV exemption from state emissions testing; reduced registration fees.
$2,500 income tax credit.
$2,000 rebate for new vehicles with a base price under $50,000.
$700 rebate on wall connectors and installation.
Qualified vehicles are exempt from emissions testing.
HOV lane access.
$2,500 rebate for new vehicles with a purchase price under $50,000.
Reduced rates for electric vehicle charging.
AFV Parking Fee & state emissions testing exemptions.
Sales tax exemption.
10% discount on off-peak toll prices on NJT & GSP through EZ-Pass.
$500 rebate for new vehicles with a base price over $60,000.
$2,500 rebate for new vehicles with a base price over $60,000.
State emissions testing exception.
State emissions testing exemption & HOV lane access.
State emissions testing exemption.
Depending on income level, up to $5,000 rebate for purchase or lease of a new vehicle with a base price under $40,000.
A retail sales tax reduction is available on the purchase or lease of a new vehicle.
Excise tax exempt.
Reduced vehicle registration fees.
Tax credit for 50% of costs of home charging installation, up to $1,000.
SRP & APS offer reduced electricity rates based on time-of-use charging for EV owners.
Phoenix & Tucson offer exemptions from emissions testing for all-electric vehicles.
PG&E, SCE, SMUD and SDG&E all offer reduced electricity rates based on time-of-use for EV owners.
Anaheim Public Utilities offers up to $1,000 for residential EV charging and $2,000 for EV infrastructure.
Antelope Valley Air Quality Management offers a $1,000 EV purchase rebate for eligible customers.
The City of Burbank offers a $500 rebate for home EV charging installation.
The City of Glendale offers a $500 rebate for home EV charging installation.
Los Angeles Department of Water & Power offers a $500 rebate for home EV charging installation.
Pasadena Water and Power customers can receive up to $1,500 in incentives for buying/leasing an EV, and businesses
can receive up to $50,000 for installing public EV chargers.
Sacramento Metro Air District offers up to a $9,500 rebate for eligible customers.
San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District offers a rebate up to $3,000 for eligible customers.
Hermosa Beach, San Jose, Santa Monica and San Anselmo offers free parking at all city metered parking, participating garages, parks and recreation centers.
SDG&E offers a rebate up to $1,000 for teachers and first responders who purchase an EV.
Sonoma Clean Power offers up to $4,500 in rebates.
South Coast Air Quality Management offers rebates up to $800 for EV home charging installation.
City of New Haven offers free public parking.
DEC offers customers a $200 credit and $5/month credit for EV charging in off hours.
Jackson Electric Authority (JEA) offers a rebate up to $1,000 for the purchase or lease of an EV
HEC Maul Electric and Hawaii Electric Light Company offer reduced electricity rates based on time-of-use for EV owners.
EV owners are also eligible for a number of other benefits including emissions test exemptions, free parking, HOV lane access.
Indiana Power & Light offers reduced electricity rate plans for EV charging.
ComEd offers 3 EV rate plans for residential customers
Illinois Electric Co-op members may be eligible to finance their EV at 0.5% interest.
McLean County residents are eligible for a rebate of 1% of the local share of state sales tax.
PEPCO & Baltimore Gas & Electric offer reduced EV rate plans on time-of-use.
Consumers Energy & DTE & Indiana Michigan Power & LBWL offer reduced EV rate plans based on time-of-use.
Dakota Electric & Connexus offer reduced EV rate plans based on time-of-use.
NV Energy offers reduced EV rate plans based on time-of-use.
PSE&G offers reduced EV rate plans based on time-of-use.
ConEd offers reduced EV rate plans based on time-of-use.
Several municipalities & utilities offer rebates for customers who install home charging equipment including Central Lincoln PUD, City and Ashland, Emerald PUD, Eugene Water & Electric Board, Pacific Power and Portland General Electric.
PECO offers a $50 rebate to customers who purchase an EV.
Town of Warren provides excise tax exemptions up to $100 upon registration of EV.
Salt Lake City EV owners have access to free metered parking & free public charging.
Green Mountain Power offers a $1,500 rebate towards the purchase of an electric vehicle with a base price under $60,000.
Virginia Dominion Power offers reduced electricity rates based on time-of-use for EV owners.
Alliant Energy is offering a $500 rebate for EV home charging installation.
Electric vehicles significantly reduce a driver’s tailpipe emissions and therefore his or her personal impact on our environment. Reducing your impact on the planet will allow future generations to enjoy our blue planet to the fullest.
Electric vehicles are significantly cleaner and much safer for people & our environment than traditional internal combustion engine vehicles. By driving electric, you’re helping to reduce air pollution from traditional exhaust systems; the type of pollution that can irritate and even cause severe health issues like asthma and bronchitis.
Solving climate change is one of the most important challenges of our time, and driving an electric vehicle is one of the ways you can take action. Since fully electric vehicles use energy efficiently, they don’t consume any fossil fuels whereas a traditional internal combustion engine relies on gasoline made from fossil fuels pulled from the earth.
In the last few years, e-vehicles have set a high bar for performance and technology. With unbeatable built-in features and instantly available torque, you’ll have difficulty finding a traditional vehicle that can keep up.
Electric vehicles often come with tons of exciting features.
Adaptive Cruise Control w/Stop and Go
Remote Engine Start
Forward Collision Warning
Front and Rear Parking Sensors
Lane Keep Assist
4 yr / 50K mi Basic Warranty
8 yr / 100K mi Hybrid/EV Warranty
Android Auto and Apple CarPlay
Spacious, Quiet, smooth, Green
- Electric vehicles have more space available due to having fewer components than traditional vehicles.
- Electric vehicles have quieter engines since there are less mechanical parts moving.
- Phone calls, conversations with passengers, music, and podcasts are all much more enjoyable.
- Fully electric vehicles don’t have any tailpipe emissions, however, plug-in hybrids and conventional hybrids do — although it is much less than the emissions of a traditional vehicle.
Range & charging
Wait less, drive more, and save an average of $4,500 in fuel over 5 years. No more lines, dirty pumps or gassy fumes. With an electric vehicle, your peace of mind and extra time are priceless.
Further than ever
There are lots of mix-ups about electric vehicles, but the main one is the fear that you can’t drive very far, known as range anxiety. In fact, many electric vehicles can go over 200 or 300 miles on a single charge and the ongoing build-out of the national EV-charging network should help reduce any fears of running out of charge.
Easily find charging
There are 21,000+ public charging stations with 65,000+ individual charging outlets in the United States, as of late July 2019. But EV and plug-in hybrid owners don’t need charging stations the same way traditional vehicles need gas stations, because most of the time they’re charging at their own garage or workplace.Try the US Department of Energy station finder
Charge from home
EV and plug-in hybrid owners can charge at home by plugging in the charging cord that comes with the vehicle to any standard three-prong outlet. It takes a while, but you can charge anytime in the convenience of your own home. Alternatively, owners can install a wall charger for a much quicker charge.Try our Charging Time Calculator
A vehicle without all of the complicated moving parts in a traditional combustion engine doesn’t need all of the maintenance of a vehicle with a traditional combustion engine. Less moving parts with electric vehicles means less maintenance with electric vehicles.
Less maintenance means Lower costs
Fully electric vehicles don’t have a traditional combustion engine. As a result, 24+ mechanical components that would ordinarily require routine service are no longer a problem because EVs don’t have them. Choosing EV means bypassing oil changes, cooling system flushes, transmission servicing, and air filter, spark plug, and drive belt changes.
Lithium ion battery warranty
Whereas the standard warranty coverage for a traditional vehicle is 3 years or 36,000 miles with 5 years or 60,000 miles for the powertrain, electric vehicle’s lithium ion batteries are under warranty for at least eight years or 100,000 miles, whichever comes first.
Compare electric vehicles
Reference the table below to compare the key statistics of some of the most popular electric vehicles.
|Audi e-tron||2021||222 mi||76/78||95.0 kWh||402 hp||5.5 sec||$65,900|
|BMW i3||2021||200 mi||124/102||42.2 kWh||168 hp||7.2 sec||$44,450|
|BMW i3s||2021||153 mi||124/102||42.2 kWh||181 hp||6.8 sec||$47,650|
|Chevrolet Bolt EV||2021||259 mi||127/108||66.0 kWh||200 hp||6.5 sec||$36,500|
|Honda Clarity Electric||2021||340 mi||110/97||17.0 kWh||212 hp||8.2 sec||$33,400|
|Hyundai Kona Electric||2021||258 mi||132/108||64.0 kWh||175 hp||7.4 sec||$37,390|
|Nissan Leaf||2021||226 mi||123/99||40.0 kWh||147 hp||8.4 sec||$31,620|
|Nissan Leaf S Plus||2021||226 mi||118/97||62.0 kWh||214 hp||8.4 sec||$38,220|
|Tesla Model 3 Standard||2021||263 mi||138/124||50.0 kWh||258 hp||5.3 sec||$30,190|
|Tesla Model 3 Long Range||2021||353 mi||120/112||75.0 kWh||346 hp||4.2 sec||$39,190|
|Tesla Model 3 Performance||2021||315 mi||120/112||75.0 kWh||450 hp||3.1 sec||$47,190|
|Tesla Model S Long Range||2021||412 mi||101/102||100.0 kWh||518 hp||3.1 sec||$72,990|
|Tesla Model S Plaid||2021||390 mi||115/107||100.0 kWh||518 hp||1.99 sec||$112,990|
|Tesla Model S Plaid+||2021||520 mi||104/104||100.0 kWh||518 hp||1.99 sec||$132,990|
|Tesla Model X Long Range||2021||360 mi||91/95||100.0 kWh||518 hp||3.8 sec||$83,190|
|Tesla Model X Plaid||2021||340 mi||86/89||100.0 kWh||518 hp||2.5 sec||$113,190|